South Dublin Taekwondo


Body Movements

mom omgigi : movement of the body
mahki : block
chagi : kick
chirugi : thrust (or punch)
chigi : strike (with the hand)
jeek gi : strike (with the foot)
bahk gi : strike (with the head)
sahn ki sool : hand technique
bahl ki sool : foot technique
kyorugi : sparring
bituro : twisting
gamya : stepping (also “omkyuh didigi“)
kuht neun : walking
uro : moving in a particular direction (e.g. “ahp uro gamya” – stepping forward)
bang hyang bakoogi : changing direction
bitkyuh surgi : escaping
tdwim yu : jumping
dora : to turn
dolmyo : spinning
mee keul myu : sliding (also “mee kul gi“)
jupgi : holding/grabbing
donzigi : throwing
goorugi : rolling/tumbling
pyihagi : dodging
hecho : spreading
moyo : gathering
bojoo : covering


oo : right (also “oh-ruen“)
joa : left (also “wen“)
ahp : front
ahn : inner
bahkat : outer
bahndae : reverse
dwi : back
ahnuro : inward
bahkuro : outward
whee : high (up)
whee uro : upward
guande : middle
ulgool : high section (also “sahngdahn“)
momtong : middle section (also “chungdahn“)
ahrae : low section (also “hahdahn“)


kyorugi : (free) sparring
han bun kyorugi : one step sparring
doo bun kyorugi : two step sparring
sae bun kyorugi : three step sparring
bahn ja yu kyorugi : semi free sparring
machu oh kyorugi : arranged free sparring
jeon : round (competition segment)
shihap : bout or match
jeum : point
shi gan : time out
keum bahk : out of bounds
kyong go : warning
gam jeum : deduction of point
shil kyuk : disqualification
boo sang : injury
seung : win
bi kim : tie
chung : blue
hong : red
hin : white
jajun bahl : use of footwork to dodge a technique
nachugi : body evasion by “ducking”


dhee : belt
dobok : uniform
ha’i : training pants


hogoo : chest protector (also “bohogoo“)
sahn boho jang kap : protective gloves
pahlmahk bohodae : forearm guard
jung kang yi bohodae : shin guard
nang shim bohodae : groin cup
muh ree bohodae : protective head gear
eep bohodae : mouth guard


cha ryuht : attention
choon bi : ready
bah ro : return to starting position
dwi uro dorah : about face
dorah : turn
elosoh : stand
gomahn : stop (also “mum cho“)
geuk gi hyang ha yoh : face the flag
jwa woo hyang woo : face each other
sah bum nim keh : face instructor/master
sun bae nim keh : face senior student
simsa kwan nim keh : face examiner/tester
dobok dahnjung : fix your uniform
dhee dahnjung : fix your belt
hai sahn : class dismissed (also “hae cho“)
jonglee : line up (also “ji hap” and “jung yul“)
kyung nae : bow
ahnjoe : sit
kool o angi : kneel (kneeling)
bah ro angi : sit in lotus position (yoga posture)
bahl bah kwah : switch your stance (switch your feet)
koo ryung op see : in your own time
seijak : begin
shiuh : relax
kalyeo : break (or stop)
kae sok : continue


dojang : place where one trains (house of discipline)
gong-kyok : offense
hosinsool : self-defense
mukyum : meditation
kihap : yell
jung shin yuk : mental strength, or martial art spirit (also “moodo jung shin“)
jung shin dong il : concentration of the mind
jung shin soo yang : development (training) of the mind
jung do : the “right” way (correctness of action)
sim shin dahn ryun : mind and body discipline
chung myung kwon : development (training) of the body, mind, and spirit
chi shik : knowledge of mind and thoughts
heng dong : execution (action) of the body and its techniques
pil seung : certain victory
il sok pil sai : one strike must kill
ho hyoop : breathing
shim ho hyoop : breathing control (deep breathing)
himm : force or power
ki : life-energy
dahnjun : the center of your “ki
bokboo : the stomach area where “ki” is generated.
choong sim : center of gravity
chojum : focus (focal point) of your energy
jeung ga : increase (to strengthen or augment)
kyuk pa : breaking (the art of breaking boards, bricks, and tiles)
shibum : demonstration (or exhibition)
pyugi : stretching
ye jol : etiquette
jon gyung : respect
choong sung : loyalty (also “eui ri“)
jung jhik : honesty
kahjok : family

Korean Counting

There are two different numbering systems that are used by Koreans. The first numbering system is used when counting, or when only speaking of the numbers themselves. The first ten numbers in this system are as follows:


1 : hanah
2 : dool
3 : set
4 : net
5 : dasot
6 : yasot
7 : ilgop
8 : yadol
9 : ahop
10 : yool

The stress in “hanah“, “dasot“, and “yasot” is on the first syllable, in “ilgop“, “yadol“, and “ahop” on the second. In counting cadence in TaeKwonDo, this is so emphasized that the other syllable frequently almost disappears (e.g., “han“, “das“, “yos“, “lgop“, “hop“, etc.).

The other numbering system (which is of Chinese origin) is used in most other cases and is often used where Americans would use ordinal numbers (such as “first”, “second”, etc …). For example, this second numbering system is used when describing a person’s rank: a first degree black belt would be an “il dan“. The first ten numbers in this numbering system are as follows:


1 : il
2 : ee
3 : sahm
4 : sah
5 : oh
6 : ryook
7 : chil
8 : pal
9 : koo
10 : ship

The final `l’ in “chil” and “pal” isn’t rounded, like an American `l’ …. It’s a much shorter sound, sort of like the initial `l’ in “let”, but even shorter. It’s not like the `l’ in “ball”.

When pronouncing the word “ship“, you¬†must not¬†emphasize the “sh” sound. It’s almost more like “sip” with a sort of a lisp. If you pronounce it like “sh” in “shell”, then you are referring to sexual intercourse.

Even though this second numbering system may correspond to ordinal numbers in English in some cases, these are not ordinal numbers. Koreans use a separate set of words for ordinal numbers.